HSA Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Contributing to an HSA

How much can I contribute to my HSA each year?

I have a very high deductible. Is there a limit on how much I can contribute?

Do my HSA contributions have to be made in equal amounts each month?

Does my contribution depend on when I establish my HSA account or when my HDHP coverage begins?

Can my employer contribute to my HSA?

Do my contributions provide any tax benefits?

If my employer contributes to my HSA, does that also provide me any tax benefit?

Can I make contributions through my employer on a "pre-tax" basis?

Can I claim both the "above-the-line" deduction for an HSA and the itemized deduction for medical expenses?

I'm over 55 and would like to make catch-up contributions to my HSA, like I've done with my IRA. Is that possible?

I turned 55 this year. Can I make the full "catch-up" contribution?

If both spouses are 55 and older, can both spouses make "catch-up" contributions?

If each spouse has self-only HDHP coverage (neither spouse has family coverage), how much can we contribute?

If both spouses have family HDHP coverage but one spouse has other coverage, are both spouses eligible for an HSA? How much can each spouse contribute?

Does tax filing status (joint vs. separate) affect my contribution?

I'm a single parent with HDHP coverage but have a child/relative that can be claimed as a dependent for tax purposes, and this dependent also has non-HDHP coverage. Am I still eligible for an HSA?

May a self-employed person contribute to an HSA on a pre-tax basis?

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The Basics of HSAs

What is a Health Savings Account (HSA)?

A Health Savings Account is an alternative to traditional health insurance; it is a savings product that offers a different way for consumers to pay for their health care. HSAs enable you to pay for current health expenses and save for future qualified medical and retiree health expenses on a tax-free basis. You must be covered by a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) to be able to take advantage of HSAs. An HDHP generally costs less than traditional health care coverage, so the money you save on insurance can be put into the Health Savings Account.

You own and control the money in your HSA. Decisions on how to spend the money are made by you without relying on a third party or a health insurer. You will also decide what types of investments to make with the money in the account in order to make it grow.

What is a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP)?

You must have an HDHP if you want to open an HSA. Sometimes referred to as a "catastrophic" health insurance plan, an HDHP is an inexpensive health insurance plan that generally doesn't pay for the first several thousand dollars of health care expenses (i.e., your "deductible") but will generally cover you after that. Of course, your HSA is available to help you pay for the expenses your plan does not cover.

For 2013 and 2014, in order to qualify to open an HSA, your HDHP minimum deductible must be at least $1,250 (self-only coverage) or $2,500 (family coverage). The annual out-of-pocket maximum (including deductibles and co-pays) for 2013 cannot exceed $6,250 (self-only coverage) or $12,500 (family coverage). For 2014, the annual out-of-pocket maximum is $6,350 (self-only coverage) or $12,700 (family coverage). HDHPs can have first dollar coverage (no deductible) for preventive care and apply higher out-of-pocket limits (and copays & coinsurance) for non-network services.

How can I get a Health Savings Account?

Consumers can sign up for HSAs with banks, credit unions, insurance companies, and other approved companies. Your employer may also set up a plan for employees.

How much does an HSA cost?

An HSA is not something you purchase; it's a savings account into which you can deposit money on a tax-preferred basis. The only product you purchase with an HSA is a High Deductible Health Plan, an inexpensive plan that will cover you should your medical expenses exceed the funds you have in your HSA. However, HSA trustees often charge fees for their services.

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Who Can Have an HSA?

Who is eligible for a Health Savings Account?

To be eligible for a Health Savings Account, an individual must be covered by an HSA-qualified High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) and must not be covered by other health insurance that is not an HDHP. Certain types of insurance are not considered "health insurance" (see below) and will not jeopardize your eligibility for an HSA.

Can I get an HSA even if I have other insurance that pays medical bills?

You are only allowed to have automobile, dental, vision, disability, and long-term care insurance at the same time as an HDHP. You may also have coverage for a specific disease or illness as long as it pays a specific dollar amount when the policy is triggered. Wellness programs offered by your employer are also permitted if they do not pay significant medical benefits.

Does the HDHP policy have to be in my name to open an HSA?

No, the policy does not have to be in your name. As long as you have coverage under the HDHP policy, you can be eligible for an HSA (assuming you meet the other eligibility requirements for contributing to an HSA). You can still be eligible for an HSA even if the policy is in your spouse's name.

I don't have health insurance. Can I get an HSA?

You cannot establish and contribute to an HSA unless you have coverage under a HDHP.

I'm on Medicare. Can I have an HSA?

You are not eligible for an HSA after you have enrolled in Medicare. If you had an HSA before you enrolled in Medicare, you can keep it. However, you cannot continue to make contributions to an HSA after you enroll in Medicare.

I am a Veteran. Can I have an HSA?

If you have received any health benefits from the Veterans Administration or one of their facilities, including prescription drugs, in the last three months, you are not eligible for an HSA.

I'm active-duty military and have Tricare coverage. Can I have an HSA?

At this time, Tricare does not offer any HDHP options, so you are not eligible for an HSA.

My employer offers an FSA. Can I have both an FSA and an HSA?

You can have both types of accounts, but only under certain circumstances. General Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs) will probably make you ineligible for an HSA. If your employer offers a "limited purpose" (limited to dental, vision or preventive care) or "post-deductible" (pay for medical expenses after the plan deductible is met) FSA, then you can still be eligible for an HSA.

My employer offers an HRA. Can I have both an HRA and an HSA?

You can have both types of accounts, but only under certain circumstances. General Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs) will probably make you ineligible for an HSA. If your employer offers a "limited purpose" (limited to dental, vision or preventive care) or "post-deductible" (pay for medical expenses after the plan deductible is met) HRA, then you can still be eligible for an HSA. If your employer contributes to an HRA that can only be used when you retire, you can still be eligible for an HSA.

My spouse has an FSA or HRA through their employer. Can I have HSA?

You cannot have an HSA if your spouse's FSA or HRA can pay for any of your medical expenses before your HDHP deductible is met.

I don't have a job. Can I have an HSA?

Yes, if you have coverage under an HDHP. You do not have to have earned income from employment to contribute to an HSA. The money can be from your own personal savings, income from dividends, unemployment or welfare benefits, etc.

Does my income affect whether I can have an HSA?

There are no income limits that affect HSA eligibility. However, if you do not file a federal income tax return, you may not receive all the tax benefits HSAs offer.

Can I start an HSA for my child?

No, you cannot establish separate accounts for your dependent children, including children who can legally be claimed as a dependent on your tax return.

I'm a single parent with HDHP coverage but have a child/relative that can be claimed as a dependent for tax purposes, and this dependent also has non-HDHP coverage. Am I still eligible for an HSA?

Yes, you are still eligible for an HSA. Your dependent's non-HDHP coverage does not affect your eligibility, even if they are covered by your HDHP.

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Contributing to an HSA

How much can I contribute to my HSA each year?

Your maximum annual HSA contribution is based on the statutory limit for your type of coverage. For 2013, the maximum annual contribution is $3,250 if you have self-only HDHP coverage or $6,450 if you have family HDHP coverage, and for 2014, the maximum annual contribution is $3,300 if you have self-only HDHP coverage or $6,550 if you have family HDHP coverage, regardless of the level of your HDHP deductible. If you are age 55 or older, you can also make additional "catch-up" contributions (see below).

I have a very high deductible. Is there a limit on how much I can contribute?

The most you can put into your account for 2013 is $3,250 if you have single HDHP coverage and $6,450 if you have family HDHP coverage. For 2014, the contribution limit is $3,300 if you have single HDHP coverage and $6,550 if you have family HDHP coverage. These amounts may be increased for inflation in future years.

Do my HSA contributions have to be made in equal amounts each month?

No, you can contribute in a lump sum or in any amounts or frequency you wish. However, your account trustee/custodian (bank, credit union, insurer, etc.) can impose minimum deposit and balance requirements.

Does my contribution depend on when I establish my HSA account or when my HDHP coverage begins?

Your eligibility to contribute to an HSA is determined by the effective date of your HDHP coverage. Your annual contribution limit depends on your HDHP coverage. If you are not covered on December 1, your contribution depends on the number of months of HDHP coverage you have during the year (technically, the months where you have HDHP coverage on the first day of the month). If you are covered on December 1 you are treated as an eligible individual for the entire year. If you cease to be an eligible individual during the following year, the excess over the pro-rated contribution is included in income and subject to an additional tax. The amount you can contribute is not determined by the date you establish your account. Medical expenses incurred before the date your HSA is established cannot be reimbursed from the account.

Can my employer contribute to my HSA?

Contributions to HSAs can be made by you, your employer, or both. All contributions are aggregated to determine whether you have contributed the maximum allowed. If your employer contributes some of the money, you can make up the difference.

Do my contributions provide any tax benefits?

Your personal contributions offer you an "above-the-line" deduction. An "above-the-line" deduction allows you to reduce your taxable income by the amount you contribute to your HSA. You do not have to itemize your deductions to benefit. Contributions can also be made to your HSA by others (e.g., relatives). However, you receive the benefit of the tax deduction.

If my employer contributes to my HSA, does that also provide me any tax benefit?

If your employer makes a contribution to your HSA, the contribution is not taxable to you (excluded from income).

Can I make contributions through my employer on a "pre-tax" basis?

If your employer offers a "salary reduction" plan (also known as a "Section 125 plan" or "cafeteria plan"), you (the employee) can make contributions to your HSA on a pre-tax basis (i.e., before income taxes and FICA taxes). If you do so, you cannot also take the "above-the-line" deduction on your personal income taxes for the amount contributed through the 125 plan.

Can I claim both the "above-the-line" deduction for an HSA and the itemized deduction for medical expenses?

You may be able to claim the medical expense deduction even if you contribute to an HSA. However, you cannot include any contribution to the HSA or any distribution from the HSA, including distributions taken for non-medical expenses, in the calculation for claiming the itemized deduction for medical expenses.

I'm over 55 and would like to make catch-up contributions to my HSA, like I've done with my IRA. Is that possible?

Yes, individuals 55 and older who are covered by an HDHP can make additional catch-up contributions of $1,000 each year until they enroll in Medicare.

I turned 55 this year. Can I make the full "catch-up" contribution?

If you had HDHP coverage for the full year, you can make the full catch-up contribution regardless of when your 55th birthday falls during the year. If you did not have HDHP coverage for the full year, you must pro-rate your "catch-up" contribution for the number of full months you were "eligible" (i.e., had HDHP coverage). However, if you are covered on December 1, you are treated as an eligible individual for the entire year and get the full contribution.

If both spouses are 55 and older, can both spouses make "catch-up" contributions?

Yes, if both spouses are eligible individuals and both spouses have established an HSA in their name. If only one spouse has an HSA in their name, only that spouse can make a "catch-up" contribution.

If each spouse has self-only HDHP coverage (neither spouse has family coverage), how much can we contribute?

Each spouse is eligible to contribute to an HSA in their own name, up to the statutory limit ($3,250 for 2013 and $3,300 for 2014). (The catch-up contributions are in addition to these limits.)

If both spouses have family HDHP coverage but one spouse has other coverage, are both spouses eligible for an HSA? How much can each spouse contribute?

The following examples describe how much can be contributed under varying circumstances. Assume that neither spouse qualifies for "catch-up contributions."

Example 1: For 2014, husband and wife have family HDHP coverage with a $5,000 deductible. Husband has no other coverage. Wife also has self-only coverage with a $200 deductible. Wife, who has coverage under a low-deductible plan, is not eligible and cannot contribute to an HSA. Husband may contribute $6,550 to an HSA.

Example 2: For 2014, husband and wife have family HDHP coverage with a $5,000 deductible. Husband has no other coverage. Wife also has self-only HDHP coverage with a $2,200 deductible. Both husband and wife are eligible individuals. Husband and wife are treated as having only family coverage. The combined HSA contribution by husband and wife cannot exceed $6,550, to be divided between them by agreement.

Example 3: For 2014, husband and wife have family HDHP coverage with a $5,000 deductible. Husband has no other coverage. Wife also has family HDHP coverage with a $3,000 deductible. Both husband and wife are eligible individuals. The maximum combined HSA contribution by husband and wife is $6,550, to be divided between them by agreement.

Example 4: For 2014, husband and wife have family HDHP coverage with a $5,000 deductible. Husband has no other coverage. Wife also has family coverage with a $200 deductible. Husband and wife are treated as having family coverage with the lowest annual deductible ($200). Neither husband nor wife is an eligible individual and neither may contribute to an HSA.

Example 5: For 2014, husband and wife have family HDHP coverage with a $5,000 deductible. Husband has no other coverage. Wife also is enrolled in Medicare. Wife is not an eligible individual and cannot contribute to an HSA. Husband may contribute $6,550 to an HSA.

Does tax filing status (joint vs. separate) affect my contribution?

Tax filing status does not affect your contribution.

I'm a single parent with HDHP coverage but have a child/relative that can be claimed as a dependent for tax purposes, and this dependent also has non-HDHP coverage. Am I still eligible for an HSA?

Yes, you are still eligible for an HSA. Your dependent's non-HDHP coverage does not affect your eligibility, even if they are covered by your HDHP. You can contribute up to the statutory limit ($6,450 for 2013 and $6,550 for 2014) to your HSA.

May a self-employed person contribute to an HSA on a pre-tax basis?

No. Self-employed persons may not contribute to an HSA on a pre-tax basis and may not take the amount of their HSA contribution as a deduction for SECA purposes. However, they may contribute to an HSA with after-tax dollars and take the above-the-line deduction.

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Using Your HSA

Does an HSA pay for the same things as regular medical insurance?

HSA funds can pay for any "qualified medical expense," even if the expense is not covered by your HDHP. If the money from the HSA is used for qualified medical expenses, then the money spent is tax-free.

How do I know what is included as "qualified medical expenses?"

Unfortunately, we cannot provide a definitive list of "qualified medical expenses." A partial list is provided in IRS Publication 502 (available at www.irs.gov). There have been thousands of cases involving the many nuances of what constitutes "medical care" for purposes of Section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code. A determination of whether an expense is for "medical care" is based on all the relevant facts and circumstances. To be an expense for medical care, the expense has to be primarily for the prevention or alleviation of a physical or mental defect or illness. The determination often hangs on the word "primarily."

Who decides whether the money I'm spending from my HSA is for a "qualified medical expense?"

You are responsible for that decision, and therefore should familiarize yourself with what types of medical expenses are considered to be qualified (as partially defined in IRS Publication 502). You should also keep your receipts in case you need to defend your expenditures or decisions during an audit.

What happens if I don't use the money in the HSA for medical expenses?

If the money is used for anything other than qualified medical expenses, the expenditure will be taxed and, for individuals who are not disabled or over age 65, subject to a 20% tax penalty (effective January 1, 2011).

Are dental and vision care qualified medical expenses under a Health Savings Account?

Yes, as long as these are deductible under the current rules. For example, cosmetic procedures, like cosmetic dentistry, would not be considered qualified medical expenses.

Can I use the money in my HSA to pay for medical care for a family member?

Yes, you may withdraw funds to pay for the qualified medical expenses of yourself, your spouse, or a dependent without tax penalty. This is one of the great advantages of HSAs.

Can I use my HSA to pay for medical services provided in other countries?

Yes.

Can I pay my health insurance premiums with an HSA?

You can only use your HSA to pay health insurance premiums if you are collecting federal or state unemployment benefits, or you have COBRA continuation coverage through a former employer.

Can I purchase long-term care insurance with money from my HSA?

Yes, if you have tax-qualified long-term care insurance. However, the amount considered to be a qualified medical expense depends on your age. See IRS Publication 502 for the amounts deductible by age.

I have an HSA but no longer have HDHP coverage. Can I still use the money that is already in the HSA for medical expenses tax-free?

Once funds are deposited into the HSA, the account can be used to pay for qualified medical expenses tax-free, even if you no longer have HDHP coverage. The funds in your account roll over automatically each year and remain indefinitely until used. There is no time limit on using the funds.

What happens to the money in my HSA if I lose my HDHP coverage?

Funds deposited into your HSA remain in your account and automatically roll over from one year to the next. You may continue to use the HSA funds for qualified medical expenses. You are no longer eligible to contribute to an HSA for months that you are not an eligible individual because you are not covered by an HDHP. If you have coverage under an HDHP for less than a year, the annual maximum contribution is reduced; if you made a contribution to your HSA for the year based on a full year's coverage by the HDHP, you will need to withdraw some of the contribution to avoid the tax on excess HSA contributions. If you regain HDHP coverage at a later date, you can begin making contributions to your HSA again.

Do unused funds in a Health Savings Account roll over year after year?

Yes, the unused balance in a Health Savings Account automatically rolls over year after year. You won't lose your money if you don't spend it within the year.

What happens to the money in a Health Savings Account after you turn age 65?

You can continue to use your account tax-free for out-of-pocket health expenses. When you enroll in Medicare, you can use your account to pay Medicare premiums, deductibles, copays, and coinsurance under any part of Medicare. If you have retiree health benefits through your former employer, you can also use your account to pay for your share of retiree medical insurance premiums. The one expense you cannot use your account for is to purchase a Medicare supplemental insurance or "Medigap" policy.

Once you turn age 65, you can also use your account to pay for things other than medical expenses. If used for other expenses, the amount withdrawn will be taxable as income but will not be subject to any other penalties. Individuals under age 65 who use their accounts for non-medical expenses must pay income tax and a 20% penalty on the non-qualified withdrawal (effective January 1, 2011).

Can I use my HSA to pay for medical expenses incurred before I set up my account?

No. You cannot reimburse qualified medical expenses incurred before your account is established. We recommend you establish your account as soon as possible.

Who will be the "bookkeeper" for my HSA?

It is your responsibility to keep track of your deposits and expenditures and keep all of your receipts for tax purposes and in case they are required by your insurer.

How do I use my HSA to pay my physician when I'm at the physician's office?

If you are still covered by your HDHP and have not met your policy deductible, you will be responsible for 100% of the amount agreed to be paid by your insurance policy to the physician. Your physician may ask you to pay for the services provided before you leave the office. If your HSA custodian has provided you with a checkbook or debit card, you can pay your physician directly from the account. If the custodian does not offer these features, you can pay the physician with your own money and reimburse yourself for the expense from the account after your visit.

If your physician does not ask for payment at the time of service, the physician will probably submit a claim to your insurance company, and the insurance company will apply any discounts based on their contract with the physician. You should then receive an "Explanation of Benefits" from your insurance plan stating how much the negotiated payment amount is, and that you are responsible for 100% of this negotiated amount. If you have not already made any payment to the physician for the services provided, the physician may then send you a bill for payment.

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Over-the-Counter Medicines and Drugs Under the Affordable Care Act

How are the rules changing for distributions from Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and Archer Medical Savings Accounts (Archer MSAs) that are used to reimburse the cost of over-the-counter medicines and drugs?

In accordance with Section 9003 of the Affordable Care Act, only prescribed medicines or drugs (including over-the-counter medicines and drugs that are prescribed) and insulin (even if purchased without a prescription) will be considered qualifying medical expenses and subject to preferred tax treatment.

When will the changes become effective?

The changes are effective for purchases of over-the-counter medicines and drugs without a prescription after Dec. 31, 2010. The changes do not affect purchases of over-the-counter medicines and drugs in 2010, even if they are reimbursed after Dec. 31, 2010.

How does this change affect over-the-counter medical devices and supplies?

The new rule does not apply to items for medical care that are not medicines or drugs. Thus, equipment such as crutches, supplies such as bandages, and diagnostic devices such as blood sugar test kits will still qualify for reimbursement by a health FSA or HRA if purchased after Dec. 31, 2010, and a distribution from an HSA or Archer MSA for the cost of such items will still be tax-free, regardless of whether the items are purchased using a prescription.

Will I need a prescription to use my health FSA, HRA, HSA or Archer MSA funds for insulin purchases after Dec. 31, 2010?

No. You can continue to use your health FSA, HRA, HSA or Archer MSA funds to purchase insulin without a prescription after Dec. 31, 2010.

If my plan issues a debit or credit card that I use to pay for over-the-counter medicines or drugs, will I still be able to use the card to purchase over the counter medicines or drugs after Dec. 31, 2010?

Generally, no. The plan must ensure that the card is reprogrammed no later than Jan. 15, 2011, so that the card can no longer be used to purchase over-the-counter medicines or drugs. For further information, see IRS Notice 2010-59. If your employer's plan reimburses expenses for over-the-counter medicines and drugs, you can seek reimbursement for these expenses by presenting the information described above in the answer to the question "How do I prove that I have purchased an over-the-counter medicine or drug with a prescription so that I can get reimbursed from my employer's health FSA or an HRA?"

If I use HSA or Archer MSA funds to reimburse the cost of over-the-counter medicines or drugs purchased after Dec. 31, 2010 without a prescription, what taxes will I incur?

If you have an HSA or Archer MSA, the amount of the distribution for expenses that are not qualifying medical expenses will be includable in your gross income and subject to an additional tax of 20%.

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Setting Up Your HSA

What do I have to do to "establish" my account?

Your account trustee/custodian will determine what you need to do. This may include completing and processing appropriate paperwork and making a minimum deposit.

Who can help me establish my account?

Insured banks and credit unions are automatically qualified to handle HSAs. Any bank, credit union, or any other entity that currently meets the IRS standards for being a trustee or custodian for an IRA or Archer Medical Savings Account (MSA) can be an HSA trustee or custodian. The law also allows insurance companies to be HSA trustees or custodians.

Can I be my own HSA trustee or custodian?

No, you must establish your HSA with an approved institution.

What is the difference between an HSA "custodian" and an HSA "trustee"?

The differences between a "custodian" and a "trustee" are minor. A trust is a legal entity under which assets are actually owned and held on behalf of a beneficiary. The trustee has some level of discretionary fiduciary authority over the assets of the fund. The trustee must exercise that authority in the best interests of the beneficiary. A custodial arrangement, on the other hand, is like a trust, but the custodian simply holds the assets on behalf of the owner of the assets. Other than holding the assets and doing as the owner orders, the custodian has no fiduciary obligations to the owner. The determination of what constitutes a trust or custodial arrangement is a determination made under state law.

Can couples establish a "joint" account and both make contributions to the account, including "catch-up" contributions?

"Joint" HSA accounts are not permitted. Each spouse should consider establishing an account in their own name. This allows both to make catch-up contributions when each spouse is 55 or older.

Must couples open separate accounts?

If both husband and wife are eligible to contribute to an HSA, they are both eligible to establish separate HSAs. However, if both spouses want to make "catch-up" contributions when they are age 55+, they must establish separate accounts.

How soon can I open my account?

Your account can be established as early as the effective date of your HDHP coverage. However, if your coverage begins on any day other than the first day of the month, you cannot establish your account until the first day of the following month.

I want to make sure my HSA is "established" as soon as possible. Can I establish my account before my HDHP coverage begins?

Your bank or other HSA custodian may allow you to complete all the paperwork to set-up your HSA prior to the effective date of your HDHP coverage. However, state law determines when your HSA is considered officially established. Any medical expenses incurred before your HDHP coverage begins or your HSA is officially established cannot be paid or reimbursed out of your account.

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Managing Your HSA

Who has control over the money invested in a Health Savings Account?

The account holder controls all decisions over how the money is invested. You can also choose not to invest your funds.

Can the funds in an HSA be invested?

Yes, you can invest the funds in your HSA. The same types of investments permitted for IRAs are allowed for HSAs, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and certificates of deposit.

Will my bank notify me if I've exceeded my allowable contribution amount?

No, it is your sole responsibility to keep track of the amounts deposited and spent from your account, just like a normal savings or checking account.

Can I borrow against the money in my HSA?

No. You may not borrow against it or pledge the funds in it. For more information on prohibited activities, see Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Can I roll the money in a Health Savings Account over into an IRA?

You cannot roll the HSA funds over into an IRA. They must stay in the HSA or be rolled into another HSA.

Can I roll over an IRA, 401(k), or other retirement plan into an HSA?

You cannot directly roll funds in a 401(k) or other retirement plan into an HSA. You can withdraw funds from one of these accounts, pay applicable taxes (and penalties) on the amount you withdraw, and then use the remaining funds to make a contribution to your HSA. However, the amount you contribute to your HSA is still limited by the annual contribution limits.

You may make a one-time transfer for IRA funds to an HSA. The amount of the IRA transfer reduces your HSA contribution for the year. If you fail to remain an eligible individual for 12 months after the month of the transfer, the amount of the transfer is included in income and subject to an additional penalty tax.

Can I roll funds in my Archer MSA into my HSA?

Yes, if you do so within 60 days of withdrawing the funds from the Archer MSA.

What happens to the money in my HSA when I die?

What happens depends on how the HSA is designed. If your spouse is designated as the beneficiary by you, your spouse becomes the owner of the HSA when you die. If you provide that it goes to your estate or other entity, the value of the HSA at death is income to the estate or other entity.

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Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury.

 
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